Hormones That Can Affect Your Weight
Hormones play a massive role in how our body functions and each of them is responsible for a very particular job. While one makes us feel hungry, another does exactly the opposite.
Ghrelin is the “I am hungry” gremlin. It’s the hormone that sends a message to your brain that it’s time to eat. The interesting fact is that reducing calorie intake stimulates ghrelin production, and even after being on a low-calorie diet for 12 months, its level is still high. That’s one of the reasons why low-calorie diets don’t work for the long term. Our body just can’t get used to it.
The good news is that intensive cardio exercises can drop your ghrelin level.
Luckily, our body also produces hormones that tell the brain to use more calories and eat less, leptin is one of them. It’s produced by fat cells, meaning that the fatter we are, the more leptin we have. Which sounds great, but it’s a trick. After a certain point, our body gets what specialists call a leptin resistance, a condition where the brain can’t read the leptin signal.
The solution is simple, food that is high in antioxidants increases sensitivity to leptin. The list of foods that are high in antioxidants is very long and you can always find something that you like. Losing weight has the same effect, and eventually, the more weight you lose, the stronger the leptin’s effect is.
Adrenaline is released when we feel very strong emotions – fear or anger, that require a quick reaction, and that’s why it’s also called a fight or flight hormone.
Basically, this hormone is released in very particular situations when our brain tells us that we may need to be prepared to be fast or strong, and it encourages our body to start using stored fat as fuel for energy. It also suppresses our appetite so our body is prepared for quick action.
The best and healthiest way to increase epinephrine levels is high-intensity interval exercising.